is a common disease, affecting 10-20% of the population. It can cause erosion of the esophagus (reflux esophagitis) with consequences such as or (Barrett's esophagus).
Medical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease
The management of gastroesophageal reflux disease is in general based on temporarily or lifelong. The treatment also requires following hygienic-dietetic rules, such as weight loss, elevation of the head in the bed (to prevent reflux), avoidance of late evening meals, limitation of consumption of tobacco, alcohol, fatty and/or spicy foods, chocolate and coffee.
In case of an unsatisfactory response to drug treatment or in the presence of, for example,, additional examinations such as gastroscopy are recommended. In certain situations, as well as must also be carried out. If the acidic origin of the symptoms is confirmed, the medical treatment can be intensified by adding other drugs, such as other antacids, baclofen or visceral analgesics.
People with Barrett's esophagus should be monitored regularly by the gastroenterology team, with follow-up using gastroscopy, and sometimes undergo treatment to eradicate the abnormal tissue.
Surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease
Patients who do not respond to medical treatment or suffer from severe general anesthesia by with robotic assistance, or by , the operation consists of a to prevent acid reflux. The fundoplication is either partial (the stomach is wrapped around the esophagus at 270 0 , intervention of Toupet), or complete (the stomach is wrapped around the esophagus at 3600, intervention of Nissen).may require surgery. Performed under