Traitements Chimiothérapie

Precautions to be taken with urine

Your body evacuates the chemicals from chemotherapy mainly through your urine. Active residue from the medication stays in the body for 72 hours after administration, hence the need to observe certain precautions.

Additionally, your ankles or fingers may swell because you are retaining water and salt. This is known as oedema. The cortisone treatment preceding chemotherapy or associated with anti-hormone therapy is the most frequent cause of this phenomenon, though some kinds of chemotherapy are themselves directly responsible for water/salt retention.

Nausea

Nausea is linked to your illness or the treatment you are receiving. It may occur before treatment, immediately thereafter or in the following days. Nowadays it can be better controlled thanks to systematic prevention by specific medication. In fact you will receive regular targeted sickness medication and from the first treatment cycle the dosage will be adapted to suit your needs.

Anxiety and fatigue tend to increase nausea. Tranquillizers or sleeping pills can help.

Inflammation of the mouth

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy act on the cancerous tumour, but also on rapidly dividing cells like those of the mucous membrane in the mouth and digestive tract. Your gums, the inside of your cheeks, your palate, tongue and throat may become more fragile.

Inflammation of the mucous membrane in the mouth is known as mucositis. There are one or more symptoms - irritation, swelling, a burning sensation, mouth ulcers – and these are sometimes accompanied by difficulty chewing, swallowing or speaking.

Digestive troubles

Your treatment may possibly upset your digestion, provoking diarrhea or constipation. Diarrhea is marked by liquid stools or more frequent bowel movements (two to four times as often as usual). It may give rise to problems of dehydration or local irritation and be accompanied by stomach cramps.

Skin and nail care

Illness and the effects of certain treatments often make visible changes to one’s physique. Chemotherapy may make your skin and nails fragile. 
Such side-effects can affect your morale and your well-being.

Skin care

During the anti-cancer treatment your skin will become more fragile, drier and more sensitive to sunlight and to strong lighting.