Maladies

Lung diseases

Lung diseases are a major specialty of the Thoracic and Endocrine Surgery Division, including cancers, infectious diseases, pneumothorax, bronchiectasis and emphysema. Lung surgery is one of the main focuses of the Division.

The lungs oxygenate blood that comes from the heart (upon inhalation) and expel carbon dioxide (upon exhalation). The action of the respiratory muscles on the lungs produces inhalation and exhalation.

Adrenal cancer

Adrenal cancer, also called adrenocortical carcinoma, is a malignant tumor in the adrenal gland. It can be very large.

It often manifests with the symptoms of Cushing disease (swollen face, skin manifestations, weight gain, loss of muscle mass, hirsutism, etc.) due to excessive secretion of corticosteroid hormones.

Adrenal incidentaloma

An incidentaloma is a tumor discovered by chance during a radiological examination.

In order to determine whether it is a secreting or a non-secreting nodule, or a malignant tumor of the adrenal gland, comprehensive studies need to be carried out.

The results of the additional exams can determine whether surgery is indicated or if endocrinological monitoring is sufficient.

Mediastinal diseases

The mediastinum is the central part of the rib cage, located between the two lungs. It is divided into three sections: the posterior, middle and anterior mediastinum. It includes the heart, great vessels, esophagus and trachea, as well as the thymus.

Schwannoma

A schwannoma is a tumor of the nervous system that develops in certain glial cells (non-excitable cells of the nervous system).

These cells create an insulating sheath (myelin) around neurons to facilitate the transmission of nerve impulses. They can develop into tumors that are usually benign.

A schwannoma can occur in any of the thoracic nerves. It can be treated with excision.

Splanchnic pain

Splanchnic pain is pain associated with each of the sympathetic nerves that pass through the organs. It can occur with inflammation, tumors or polycystic diseases.

Surgery involves a splanchnicectomy (nerve cutting) that is sometimes combined with an excision (tumor removal).

Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating of the body) affects about 3% of the population. It typically affects the hands (palmar hyperhidrosis), feet (plantar hyperhidrosis), armpits (axillary hyperhidrosis) and face. This condition most often begins in puberty and causes discomfort that is at times similar to a disability. People affected by this condition feel powerless and often ashamed. 

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules are very common growths in the thyroid gland. They primarily affect women and occur more often as you get older. If you performed an ultrasound on every woman over 50, half of them would have a thyroid nodule!

Though the cause is unknown, nodules are often made up of thyroid cells, but can also contain fluid. Types of nodules include harmless micronodules (less than one centimeter), cysts (fluid-filled nodules), inflammatory nodules seen in thyroiditis, thyroid adenomas (benign tumors), and cancerous nodules.

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